The Spirit of the Beehive, The Fear offers up a plethora of lazy metaphors that mirror the allegorical films produced in Franco's Spain - with the father merely an emblematic representation of the country's past. This monstrosity could have been used to represent the paternal stronghold on Western society, where authority is asserted through fear and masculine dominance, but this study of power seems to be searching for deeper meaning in a film that fails to mask its simple agenda with a suffocating ambiance of despair and a worrying preoccupation with extremism. Technically, however, this is incredibly assured filmmaking, especially in Cadena's focus on the intimidating nature of silence.
The 'pact of forgetting' which preceded Franco's Spain curtailed any form of cultural catharsis. Years without self-inspecting cinema culminated in a series of deeply allegorical dramas, with the scars of fascism still clearly visible in many independent works. A failed attempt to present how this bottling-up of historic transgressions continues to this day (particularly in the Basque region, which continues to push for either further political autonomy or full independence), The Fear's use of a bruised and beaten women as a conduit feels desperately deplorable.
So manipulative and unsympathetic is Cadena's approach that he completely undermines both his film's figurative message and the delicate issues surrounding its veneer of abuse. Manel and his younger sister represent the next generation, yet had they been given a voice - preaching a message about unity and resilience instead of wallowing in misery - then perhaps The Fear wouldn't have ended up being such a downright cynical and exploitative film, depicting patriarchal aggression as it does in a repugnant, calculated fashion.
The 57th BFI London Film Festival takes place from 9-20 October, 2013. For more of our LFF 2013 coverage, simply follow this link.